FleasThe Cat Flea undergoes complete metamorphosis. Within three weeks, after feeding on blood, the adult female flea will lay up to several hundred eggs. These eggs are very smooth and do not stick to pet hair making it very easy for them to be shaken off. This quality causes the eggs to fall off your pets onto surfaces such as carpets, pet bedding, furniture, etc. The eggs will hatch in approximately 7 to 10 days.
The eggs hatch into larvae, or tiny worm like, whitish insects with brown heads. The larvae are only one-sixth to one-quarter inch long and are very difficult to see. The entire larval stage only takes approximately one week under favorable conditions. At the end of this stage, the flea will make a cocoon. The larvae will molt and enter into a pre-adult stage. The entire molting process will take a week or less but the adult flea can remain in the pre-adult stage and stay in the cocoon for months until stimulated to leave.
In order to control a flea infestation it is necessary for pets to be treated prior to pesticide applications. It is recommended to have your pets dipped by your family veterinarian. Flea collars are the least effective method to treat pets. Pet bedding should be washed at least once a week in warm soapy water, and clutter should be reduced. Pet kennels and pet boxes should also be thoroughly cleaned weekly. This weekly regimen will kill larvae and eggs and will eliminate dried blood essential for larval nourishment. Regular vacuuming is also recommended. After vacuuming, however, the bag should be removed and sealed in a garbage bag and placed outside the residence. Eggs can hatch and adult fleas and larvae can escape from vacuum bags.
TermitesThe Eastern subterranean termite is the most common and widely distributed termite in the USA, commonly found from southern Ontario, in all eastern states of the USA including Texas. The Eastern subterranean termite is a serious economic timber pest causing millions of dollars of damage throughout the areas where it is located. It is estimated that more than 1 in 5 homes in the high activity areas, has been or will be attacked at some time by these voracious little insects.
Swarming termites are usually the first signs that a building/home is infested with these destructive critters. A termite swarm is a flight of both male and female reproductive termites. As the termites fall to the ground, after a short flight, their wings break off. An area in the home littered with broken off wings is another tell-tale sign of a termite infestation. Once a male and female pair off, they will begin excavating a new nest and seal themselves in. They mate and then begin to lay eggs. The nymphs hatch and begin to devour cellulose and enlarge the colony. It usually takes 2 to 3 years for a newly established colony to begin doing serious damage to a structure.